The enforcement of relevant and effective policies and legislation facilitates addressing injuries through behaviour change and creating safer environments to prevent future occurrence of injuries. For this, researchers and practitioners need to have clear knowledge about 'what works' through research findings and a policy should be able to articulate how to scale up to a national level. A combination of 'what works' and 'how to' implement policy, help to guide practitioners and implementers to choose right strategies while developing policies, laws and regulations.
Currently, the Government of Nepal does not have specific plans on injury prevention though it has committed to incorporate SDG targets in local level policies and plans. Therefore, there is a need for a systematic and critical review of existing policies and legislation in Nepal that indirectly support injury prevention and control.
This study aims to answer the two research questions:
1) What policies, legislation and mechanism exist to support injury prevention and first response in Nepal and how do they compare with best practices from other countries?
2) What amendment or additional provision on policies may contribute to prevent injury and first response in Nepal?
The outcomes of such a review have the potential to facilitate federal, state and local authorities and policymakers for the formulation of contemporary and effective policies around injury prevention.
The study - policy and legislation review on preventing injuries and delivering first response in Nepal aims to identify the current policies as well as identify the status of mechanisms responsible for the prevention of injury and first response in Nepal. This study is employs 5 steps throughout the stages of identification of relevant policy document to dissemination for advocacy including two stakeholder consultation meetings. These finding would be used for informing decision makers, educating implementers. The review will help in identifying key stakeholders, implementers, policy environment, available resources and resources needed to successful implementation.